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Enhancing a riparian buffer

Restoration Projects are an important part of Flathead Conservation District’s work to protect natural resources in the Flathead Valley. We work with private and public partners and landowners to remove invasive weeds and help establish native plants to improve the quality and function of local habitats. We also provide technical and financial support for stream restoration projects, such as replacing undersized or failing bridges and culverts and stream bank restoration and stabilization efforts.

Watershed Restoration Plan

In 2016, FCD hosted a member of the Montana Big Sky Watershed Corps (part of Montana Conservation Corps) to develop a watershed restoration plan (WRP) for the Flathead-Stillwater region. The WRP provides a framework for managing, protecting, and restoring water resources. It also fulfills one of EPA’s requirements for receiving grant funding for projects that reduce nonpoint source pollution (Section 319). Access to 319 funding enables FCD and stakeholder groups to pursue a broad range of restoration projects, and a WRP allows FCD to establish priorities and strategies for long-term planning in the county. Our WRP has been submitted to Montana DEQ and is awaiting approval.

Flathead River Steward Program

FCD is also a partner in the Flathead River Steward Program. This collaborative effort helps landowners improve and restore riparian forests along our rivers to improve water quality, recreational opportunities, abundant fish and wildlife, and productive farm soils in the Flathead Watershed. This program is the riparian and wetlands restoration working group of the Flathead River to Lake Initiative. The partnership recently released a new video about the program that aims to help people improve lands along rivers and streams. Meet a landowner and the partners working with landowners to improve stewardship of lands along our rivers!
For more information about the Flathead River Steward Program contact: Franz Ingelfinger, Restoration Ecologist, Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks, (406) 751-4580

Flathead Conservation District’s On-the-ground Projects

Haskill Creek Reimer Reach Floodplain Renovation (Haskill Basin Watershed, NE of Whitefish, 2012)

A floodplain renovation project addressed steep, eroding banks along a 1,222-ft stretch. Banks were lowered to floodplain elevation, stabilized with woody debris jams, and revegetated with woody shrubs and native grass seeding. Students from Whitefish High School’s Project FREEFLOW program provided volunteer labor and project monitoring, which facilitated service-learning opportunities and community building. Funds were provided from the Montana DEQ Nonpoint Source Pollution 319 program, FCD and the contractor. Detailed information can be found in the project final report.

Haskill Creek pre-restoration. 2012

Haskill Creek post-restoration efforts. 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Voermans/Klungness Restoration (Haskill Basin Watershed, 2005, 2007)

This project restored approximately 1,200 feet along the creek by re-establishing hydrologic connectivity between the active channel and the floodplain. The banks were stabilized using vegetated soil lifts, large woody debris jams, and dormant willow cuttings; also, woody shrubs were planted on the floodplain terraces. The restoration work decreased the erosion potential in the area from extreme and very high to high and moderate, and it resulted in an 86% reduction in sediment going into Haskill Creek. Funding was provided by the Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks Future Fisheries Improvement Program (2005), the Montana Department of Environmental Quality 319 program (2007), and FCD.

Haskill Creek Flow Monitoring (2014).

A flow monitoring gaging station was installed on Haskill Creek at the Monegan Road crossing. FCD and the City of Whitefish each contributed half of the station installation costs, and the Whitefish Lake Institute secured the contract for gage installation and calibration. The data will allow the partners to monitor creek flow rates, and, ultimately, estimate nutrient loadings. Flow monitoring information from 2014 is available here.

Currently, FCD is working with the Haskill Basin Watershed Council to replace an undersized, perched culvert on Haskill Basin Road with funds from DNRC’s HB223 grant program.

Trumbull Creek (SW of Columbia Falls, 2015)

Trumbull creek stream bank erosion.

Trumbull Creek in May 2015, post-construction.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Willow encroachment and minimal grazing management on a 4,000-foot stretch of Trumbull Creek had been contributing to bank instability, which was intensifying local flooding. FCD procured funding  to mitigate flooding on the Upper Reach by increasing bank heights, restoring the existing levees, and managing livestock grazing with fencing and a water gap. This successfully alleviated flooding on adjacent private property by removing debris, re-establishing channel depth, and restoring the integrity of existing levees.   The grant also funded a technical assessment on the Lower Reach to conduct a hydraulic analysis of a problematic culvert system in a creek crossing. This project accomplished significant remediation on the Upper Reach of Trumbull Creek, which directly affected nine landowners. Learn more about this project.

Krause Creek (NW of Bigfork)

Historically, Krause Creek did not support a single channel between its upper watershed in the Swan Mountains and its terminus at Echo Lake. Instead, upon reaching the valley floor, it spread into a series of distributary channels across an alluvial fan. As is typical of land development on alluvial fans, ongoing excavation and channelization has been done in an attempt to reduce flooding and concentrate flow into a primary channel. These efforts have resulted in significant downcutting and erosion in the lower watershed, resulting in substantial sediment inputs to Echo Lake. FCD completed a watershed planning assessment in 2016 with grant money from DNRC’s Renewable Resource Grant and Loan (RRGL) Program. A construction grant was submitted to DNRC’s RRGL program in 2016 for $116,000. The proposed project would stabilize the channel, effectively reducing flooding to nearby residences and sedimentation to Echo Lake. Funding will be determined during the 2017 legislative session.

Krause Creek 2005

Krause Creek 2015 shows the increased down-cutting and erosion in the lower watershed.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Learn more about our Landowner Assistance Program that provides landowners with cost-share assistance to support implementation of conservation practices on private property.

Learn about our Flathead-Stillwater Watershed Restoration Planning process.

 

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